Doing Nothing with AI 1.0

“Doing Nothing with AI 1.0” is a robotic art installation that uses generative robotic control, brainwave measurements, and a generative machine learning model to optimize its flow of motions with the aim to make the interactant Do Nothing.

In times of constant busyness, technological overload, and the demand for permanent receptivity to information, doing nothing is not much accepted, often seen as provocative and associated with wasting time. People seem to always be in a rush, stuffing their calendars, seeking distraction and the subjective feeling of control, unable to tolerate even short periods of inactivity.

The multidisciplinary project “Doing Nothing with AI” intends to address the common misconception of confusing busyness with productivity or even effectiveness. Taking a closer look, there is not too much substance in checking our emails every ten minutes or doing some unfocused screen scrolling whenever there is a five minutes wait at the subway station. Enjoying a moment of inaction and introspection while letting our minds wander and daydream may be more productive than constantly keeping us busy with doing something.

Its adaptive aesthetic strategy demands an aesthetic in flux. The resulting physical aesthetic experience is not just an optimized static aesthetic but rather an embedded aesthetic interaction. None of the interactants controls the other, but both entities are acting, perceiving, learning, and reacting in a non-hierarchical setting.

“Doing Nothing with AI 1.0” is animated by a Generative Adversarial Networks (GAN) and a Kuka Robot KR6 R900. Using the real-time robot control system Robot Sensor Interface (RSI) together with “Kuka|PRC “creates a space of 255 by the power of 256 possible choreographies.

Every time a spectator puts on the EEG device, the GAN generates a choreography based on collected data from previous spectators. After 30 seconds of EEG feedback, the current choreography gets evaluated. If it did bring the spectator closer to a state of doing nothing, the recent choreography gets saved and slightly mutated. If it didn’t get the spectator closer to doing nothing, the GAN generates the next choreography.

For public exhibitions, I use a Muse 2016 EEG headband measuring the relative change of alpha and beta waves at the prefrontal cortex.
For more advanced settings, I use an Enobio 8 EEG cap together with a source localization.

The skin of “Doing Nothing with AI 1.0” is fabricated out of 23.000 toothpicks and foam. This creates a surface that uses toothpicks as surface normals to amplify the local surface change and colour effects to underline the overall motion. The skin was made in a co-production process with the robot. The robot picked, glued, and placed the toothpicks themselves.


More information on the embedded aesthetic human-machine-interaction, the neuroaesthetics topic of bottom-up perception as well as the utilization of EEG-feed generative adversarial networks for interactive art within the different “Doing Nothing with AI” iterations can be found in this open access publication by myself, Magdalena Mayer, and Johannes Braumann:


Core Team

Emanuel Gollob – design, concept & research

Magdalena May – research


Advice and support

Johannes Braumann – robotic support

Dr Orkan Attila Akgun – neuroscientific support

Magdalena Akantisz & Pia Plankensteiner – Graphic Design


Hardware | KUKA industrial robot | Enobio EEG cap | Muse EEG headband

Software | TF Keras GAN ML | vvvv gamma | Robot Sensor Interface | KUKA|prc


Acknowledgements | Parts of this iteration were produced at the Design Investigations Studio of the University of Applied Arts Vienna

Supported by Vienna Business Agency


References excerpt

Han, Byung-Chul. The burnout society. Stanford University Press, 2020.

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Busch, Kathrin. P – Passivität. Textem Verlag, Hamburg, und Halle für Kunst, Lüneburg, 2012

Melville, Herman, 1819-1891. Bartleby, the Scrivener : a Story of Wall-Street, 1853.

Neuner, Irene, Jorge Arrubla, Cornelius J. Werner, Konrad Hitz, Frank Boers, Wolfram Kawohl, and N. Jon Shah. “The default mode network and EEG regional spectral power: a simultaneous fMRI-EEG study.” PLoS One 9, no. 2 (2014): e88214.

Raichle, Marcus E. “The brain’s default mode network.” Annual review of neuroscience 38 (2015): 433-447.